Creating a Plasma Mobile application

From February 4th until February 9th I attended a Plasma Mobile sprint in Berlin, Germany. I met a lot of people that share the vision of an open, privacy-friendly mobile platform. However, we all agree that such a platform can only succeed if there are enough people sharing that vision creating suitable apps for it. There already is a nice amount of mobile-friendly Linux apps, many of them created by the KDE Community, but of course we need more 🙂

One app that is essential for my use case is an app that allows me to check departures and routes for public transport. Since I’m not aware of any existing one I decided to do my own and share my road here. The purpose of this is to be educating for both me and you and to inspire you to create your own mobile-friendly Linux apps.

Like the other KDE mobile apps I’m going to use QML/QtQuick and Kirigami. QML is the declarative UI language from the Qt project. Unlike the older QWidgets it is designed with (embedded) touch systems in mind and thus is ideal for mobile apps. Kirigami is a set of QtQuick components designed for creating convergent mobile/desktop apps.

Unlike other KDE projects I’m not going to use C++ for the business logic. Instead I’m going to use Python, which is now officially supported by Qt. Since my Python skills are fairly basic this will be a fun challenge for me. Therefore take everything I write with a grain of salt and feel free to point out anything that is wrong or can be improved.

This won’t be a 100% complete reference for developing for Plasma Mobile, but I’ll try to cover as many different aspects as fit into the concept of this app. I’ll also try to focus on one aspect/feature/goal per post. Also most of this will not be specific to Plasma Mobile but will work on any desktop or mobile Linux.

So lets get started 🙂

Part 0: Basic application

Before getting started we need to install a few things. First of all we need Python (obviously) and Qt for Python. Qt for Python was formerly known as PySide2. You can install it via ‘pip install pyside2’. Next there is Kirigami. On Ubuntu you can install it via ‘sudo apt install qml-module-org-kde-kirigami2’.

After that we can start coding. The following main.py file is creating an app and loading the UI from a .qml file. The exact details are not too important at this point.

#!/usr/bin/env python3

from PySide2.QtGui import QGuiApplication
from PySide2.QtQml import QQmlApplicationEngine

if __name__ == "__main__":
    app = QGuiApplication()
    engine = QQmlApplicationEngine()

    context = engine.rootContext()
    engine.load("qml/main.qml")

    if len(engine.rootObjects()) == 0:
        quit()
    app.exec_()

Next we need to define our UI in a QML file. To keep things organized we are going to put our QML files in a qml/ subfolder. Our first main.qml is rather simple

import QtQuick 2.2
import QtQuick.Controls 2.4
import org.kde.kirigami 2.0 as Kirigami

Kirigami.ApplicationWindow
{
    width: 480
    height: 720

    Label {
        text: "Hello world!"
        anchors.centerIn: parent
    }
}

width and height are a bit arbitrary since the window will always be maximized on the phone, but this way we get a somewhat realistic window on the desktop. Executing the python file should result in something like this

In the next post we are going to fill this window with more life using QtQuick and Kirigami components. Stay tuned 🙂

The source code will be available at https://invent.kde.org/nicolasfella/kstraba

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15 thoughts on “Creating a Plasma Mobile application

  1. For me there is an error on qml file, it says that module “org.kde.kirigami” is not installed, but “qml-module-org-kde-kirigami2” installed

    Like

  2. Hi, when I use QML2_IMPORT_PATH=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/qt5/qml python main.py execute one error:
    Cannot mix incompatible Qt library (version 0x50c00) with this library (version 0x50c01)

    btw: QMake version 3.1
    Using Qt version 5.12.0 in /usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu

    Like

      1. Yes, I installed by pip.
        It would then be advisable to uninstall and install it as follows?: sudo apt-get install python3-pyside

        Like

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